Migraine Attack Length: What to Expect and Duration Guide

Migraine episodes can also last everywhere from some hours to multiple days. Seek scientific attention in case your signs final longer.

How long will a migraine episode remaining?

A migraine attack commonly lasts from four to 72 hours however also lasts longer. It may be hard to predict how long a man or woman’s episode will ultimate, but charting its development may assist.

Migraine episodes can usually be divided into four or 5 distinct degrees. Not every person with migraine experiences each of these levels for the duration of each episode. Phases can encompass:

  • warning or premonitory segment
  • charisma (not everybody with migraine experiences this phase, and those who do won’t revel in it at some point of every episode)
  • headache, or major attack
  • resolution duration
  • restoration or postdrome level (not absolutely everyone with migraine enjoys this segment, and those who do may not enjoy it during every episode)

Some of those levels may additionally simply last in brief, while others can also last a whole lot longer. You won’t enjoy each segment with every episode you’ve got. Keeping a migraine magazine lets you tune any styles and put them together for what’s to return.

Keep analyzing to study more approximately every level, what you can do to locate comfort, and whilst to peer a medical doctor.

What to expect at some stage in the prodrome (warning) phase

Sometimes, migraine can begin with symptoms that have genuinely anything to do with a headache.

These signs and symptoms can consist of:

  • craving positive foods
  • multiplied thirst
  • stiff neck
  • irritability or other temper adjustments
  • fatigue
  • anxiety

Premonitory symptoms can final anywhere from 1 to 24 hours earlier than the air of secrecy or headache levels start.

What to assume for the duration of the charisma phase

About 25% of people with migraine enjoy the air of secrecy. Aura signs and symptoms normally appear before the headache, or main assault takes place. It often takes place 10 to half hours before the headache ache starts off evolve.

Aura signs can final anywhere from 5 minutes to 1 hour

Aura can consist of a wide range of neurological signs. You might also see:

  • colored spots
  • darkish spots
  • glints or “stars”
  • flashing lights
  • zigzag lines
  • “heat waves”

You may additionally feel:

  • numbness or tingling
  • weak spot
  • dizziness
  • anxiety or confusion

You may additionally revel in disturbances in speech and hearing. In uncommon cases, fainting and partial paralysis are possible.

Although those symptoms normally precede a migraine headache in adults, it’s viable for them to occur at the same time. Children may be much more likely to revel in an aura at the same time as their headache.

In a few cases, air of secrecy symptoms may additionally come and go without ever main to a headache.

What to expect all through the headache section

Most cases of migraine aren’t accompanied by way of air of mystery symptoms. Migraine without charisma actions without delay from the warning degree into the headache stage.

Headache symptoms are generally equal for migraine with and without aura. They may also include:

  • pulsing pain on one or both sides of your head
  • sensitivity to light, noise, odors, or even contact
  • blurred vision
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • loss of urge for food
  • lightheadedness
  • worsening pain with physical activity or different motion

During a migraine assault, many people can be unable to work or continue with their common daily activities.

This section is the maximum unpredictable, with episodes lasting anywhere from a few hours to three days

What to expect at some stage in the postdrome phase

Many migraine complications progressively fade in depth. Some human beings locate that taking a nap can help relieve their symptoms. Children may also need to rest a couple of minutes to peer outcomes. This is known as the decision phase.

As the headache begins to rise, you can enjoy the recovery segment. This can consist of a feeling of exhaustion or maybe of elation. You may also experience:

  • moody
  • dizzy
  • careworn
  • weak

Your signs and symptoms all through the recuperation segment can also pair with the signs and symptoms you experienced for the duration of the caution segment. For example, in case you misplaced your appetite throughout the warning segment you could now find that you’re starving.

These symptoms may also close for up to an afternoon after your headache.

How to discover a remedy

There isn’t one proper way to deal with a migraine. If your migraine episodes are rare, you will be capable of use over-the-counter (OTC) medicines to deal with signs as they occur.

If your signs are continual or intense, OTC treatments may not be useful. A physician may be able to prescribe more potent medication to treat present symptoms and assist save you from destiny attacks.

Home remedies

Sometimes, changing your surroundings can be enough to relieve the bulk of your signs.

If you could, are looking for solace in a quiet room with minimal lights. Use lamps in place of overhead lighting fixtures, and draw the blinds or curtains to block sunlight.

The mild out of your phone, laptop, TV, and different electronic monitors might also exacerbate your signs and symptoms, so limiting your display screen time may also assist.

Applying a cold compress and massaging your temples may additionally provide comfort. If you aren’t feeling nauseous, upping your water intake may also be helpful.

It can also help to song, perceive, and avoid what’s triggering your signs. This may assist lessen signs and symptoms and prevent them from habitual.

Common triggers can include:

  • stress
  • sure meals
  • skipped meals
  • drinks with alcohol or caffeine
  • positive medicinal drugs
  • not getting sufficient sleep
  • hormonal modifications
  • climate adjustments
  • concussions and different head injuries

OTC medication

OTC ache relievers may additionally help with signs and symptoms that might be slight or rare. Common alternatives include:

  • aspirin (Bayer)
  • ibuprofen (Advil)
  • naproxen (Aleve)

If your signs and symptoms are more intense, you could need to try a medication that mixes an ache reliever and caffeine, together with Excedrin. Caffeine has the ability to cause and treat migraine episodes, so you may additionally need to avoid this product until you’re positive that caffeine isn’t a cause for you.

These medications shouldn’t be used extra than 10 to 15 days in keeping with month. Doing so can result in remedy overuse complications.

Prescription medicine

If OTC alternatives aren’t working, you can determine to talk with a physician.

They may be capable of prescribing stronger, greater centered medicinal drugs to help ease the ache.

This may include triptans, which include:

  • sumatriptan (Imitrex, Treximet)
  • zolmitriptan (Zomig)
  • eletriptan (Relpax)
  • rizatriptan (Maxalt)
  • almotriptan

If your migraine episodes are chronic, a health practitioner may prescribe medicine to assist save your destiny episodes. These medicinal drugs can also consist of:

  • Calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) antagonists: rimegepant (Nurtec ODT) or ubrogepant (Ubrelvy)
  • Selective serotonin 1F receptor agonist: lasmiditan (Reyvow)
    They might also prescribe medicinal drugs to help relieve nausea.

When to speak with a doctor

If you’re experiencing a migraine episode for the first time, you may be capable of relieving your signs and symptoms with home remedies and OTC medicines.

But in case you’ve had multiple migraine episodes, you may need to make an appointment with a medical doctor. They can determine your signs and develop a treatment plan tailor-made to your individual desires.

You ought to see your physician proper away if:

  • Your signs started after a head damage.
  • Your symptoms final longer than seventy-two hours.
  • You’re forty years old or older and are experiencing a migraine for the first time.
  • You expand a surprising extreme headache.
  • You’re over the age of 50.
  • Your headaches have been modified in a nice.
  • You have a headache that takes place with neurological symptoms, along with a weak spot on one side of the body, numbness, lack of imagination and prescience, and loss of cognizance.


A migraine episode typically lasts anywhere from 4 to 72 hours.

It includes four or 5 phases in the course of which you can revel in other signs and symptoms. During the headache section, you may experience throbbing pain and sensitivity to mild, sound, scent, or contact.

A medical doctor can prescribe prescription medicine that could help relieve pain and save you destiny episodes.